This documentation is for an old GraalVM version. See the latest version.

TruffleRuby Options and Command Line

TruffleRuby has the same command-line interface as our compatible MRI version.

Usage: truffleruby [switches] [--] [programfile] [arguments]
  -0[octal]       specify record separator (\0, if no argument)
  -a              autosplit mode with -n or -p (splits $_ into $F)
  -c              check syntax only
  -Cdirectory     cd to directory before executing your script
  -d, --debug     set debugging flags (set $DEBUG to true)
  -e 'command'    one line of script. Several -e's allowed. Omit [programfile]
  -Eex[:in], --encoding=ex[:in]
                  specify the default external and internal character encodings
  -Fpattern       split() pattern for autosplit (-a)
  -i[extension]   edit ARGV files in place (make backup if extension supplied)
  -Idirectory     specify $LOAD_PATH directory (may be used more than once)
  -l              enable line ending processing
  -n              assume 'while gets(); ... end' loop around your script
  -p              assume loop like -n but print line also like sed
  -rlibrary       require the library before executing your script
  -s              enable some switch parsing for switches after script name
  -S              look for the script using PATH environment variable
  -v              print the version number, then turn on verbose mode
  -w              turn warnings on for your script
  -W[level=2|:category]
                  set warning level; 0=silence, 1=medium, 2=verbose
  -x[directory]   strip off text before #!ruby line and perhaps cd to directory
  --copyright     print the copyright
  --enable={rubyopt|...}[,...], --disable={rubyopt|...}[,...]
                  enable or disable features. see below for available features
  --external-encoding=encoding, --internal-encoding=encoding
                  specify the default external or internal character encoding
  --backtrace-limit=num
                  limit the maximum length of backtrace
  --verbose       turn on verbose mode and disable script from stdin
  --version       print the version number, then exit
  --help          show this message, -h for short message

Features:
  gems            rubygems (only for debugging, default: enabled)
  did_you_mean    did_you_mean (default: enabled)
  rubyopt         RUBYOPT environment variable (default: enabled)
  frozen-string-literal
                  freeze all string literals (default: disabled)

Warning categories:
  deprecated      deprecated features
  experimental    experimental features

Runtime options:
  --polyglot                                   Run with all other guest languages accessible.
  --native                                     Run using the native launcher with limited access to Java libraries
                                               (default).
  --jvm                                        Run on the Java Virtual Machine with access to Java libraries.
  --vm.[option]                                Pass options to the host VM. To see available options, use '--help:vm'.
  --log.file=<String>                          Redirect guest languages logging into a given file.
  --log.[logger].level=<String>                Set language log level to OFF, SEVERE, WARNING, INFO, CONFIG, FINE,
                                               FINER, FINEST or ALL.
  --help                                       Print this help message.
  --help:vm                                    Print options for the host VM.
  --help:engine                                Print engine options.
  --help:all                                   Print all options.
  --version:graalvm                            Print GraalVM version information and exit.
  --show-version:graalvm                       Print GraalVM version information and continue execution.

Languages:
  [id]        [name]                  [website]
  llvm        LLVM                    https://www.graalvm.org/22.1/reference-manual/llvm/
  ruby        Ruby                    https://www.graalvm.org/ruby/

Tools:
  [id]        [name]                  [website]
  agentscript Agent Script            
  coverage    Code Coverage           https://www.graalvm.org/tools/code-coverage/
  cpusampler  CPU Sampler             https://www.graalvm.org/tools/profiling/
  cputracer   CPU Tracer              https://www.graalvm.org/tools/profiling/
  dap         Debug Protocol Server   https://www.graalvm.org/tools/dap/
  heap        Heap Dump               
  heapmonitor Heap Allocation Monitor 
  insight     Insight                 https://www.graalvm.org/tools/graalvm-insight/
  inspect     Chrome Inspector        https://www.graalvm.org/tools/chrome-debugger/
  lsp         Language Server         https://www.graalvm.org/tools/lsp/
  memtracer   Memory Tracer           https://www.graalvm.org/tools/profiling/

  Use --help:[id] for component options.

See http://www.graalvm.org for more information.

TruffleRuby also reads the RUBYOPT environment variable, as in standard Ruby, if run from the Ruby launcher.

Unlisted Ruby Switches #

MRI has some extra Ruby switches which are not normally listed in help output but are documented in the Ruby manual page.

  -Xdirectory     cd to directory before executing your script (same as -C)
  -U              set the internal encoding to UTF-8
  -K[EeSsUuNnAa]  sets the source and external encoding
  --encoding=external[:internal]
                  the same as --external-encoding=external and optionally --internal-encoding=internal

TruffleRuby Options #

TruffleRuby options are set via --option=value, or you can use --ruby.option=value from any launcher. You can omit =value to set to true.

Available options and documentation can be seen with --help:languages. Additionally, set --help:expert and --help:internal to see those categories of options. All options all experimental and subject to change at any time.

Options can also be set as JVM system properties, where they have a prefix polyglot.ruby.. For example, --vm.Dpolyglot.ruby.cexts.remap=true, or via any other way of setting JVM system properties. Finally, options can be set as GraalVM polyglot API configuration options.

The priority for options is the command line first, then the Graal-SDK polyglot API configuration, then system properties last.

TruffleRuby options, as well as conventional Ruby options and VM options, can also be set in the TRUFFLERUBYOPT and RUBYOPT environment variables, if run from the Ruby launcher.

-- or the first non-option argument stops processing of TrufflRuby and VM options in the same way it stops processing of Ruby arguments.

VM Options #

To set options in the underlying VM, use --vm., valid for both the native configuration and the JVM configuration. For example, --vm.Dsystem_property=value or --vm.ea.

To set the classpath, use the = notation, rather than two separate arguments. For example, --vm.cp=lib.jar or --vm.classpath=lib.jar.

Other Binary Switches #

Other binaries, such as irb, gem, and so on, support exactly the same switches as in standard Ruby.

Determining the TruffleRuby Home #

TruffleRuby needs to know where to locate files such as the standard library. These are stored in the TruffleRuby home directory. The Ruby home is always the one that the Truffle framework reports.

If the Ruby home appears not to be correct, or is unset, a warning will be given but the program will continue and you will not be able to require standard libraries. You can tell TruffleRuby not to try to find a home at all using the no-home-provided option.

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