This documentation is for an old GraalVM version. See the latest version.

Tooling Support for Python

GraalPy can run many standard Python tools as well as tools from the GraalVM ecosystem. The graalpy --help:tools command will give you more information about GraalVM tools currently supported on Python.

Debugger #

The built-in breakpoint() function uses pdb by default.

PDB #

The standard python debugger pdb is supported on GraalPy. Refer to the official PDB documentation for usage.

Chrome Inspector #

To enable GraalVM’s Chrome Inspector debugger, pass the --inspect option to the graalpy launcher. The built-in breakpoint() function will work using the Chrome Inspector implementation.

Code Coverage #

GraalPy comes with a coverage instrument that can be used with the --coverage option. Use the graalpy --help:tools command to see usage details.

In order to work better with existing Python code, the standard library trace module is partially supported with this low-overhead coverage instrument. So, for example, you trace a script as follows:

graalpy -m trace -m -c -s my_script.py

This works in the same way as CPython.

The programmatic API also works, with some limitations. For example, it does not currently track calls, only line counts and called functions.

Profiling #

The _lsprof built-in module is implemented using the GraalVM cpusampler tool. Not all profiling features are currently supported, but basic profiling works. For example:

graalpy -m cProfile -s calls -m ginstall --help

The interactive exploration of a stats output file also works:

graalpy -m cProfile -o ginstall.profile -m ginstall --help
graalpy -m pstats ginstall.profile
ginstall.profile%
callers
[...]

The profile module works as well:

graalpy -m profile -s calls -m ginstall --help

or

>>> import profile
>>> profile.run('l = []; l.append(1)')
         5 function calls in 0.002 seconds

   Ordered by: standard name

   ncalls  tottime  percall  cumtime  percall filename:lineno(function)
        1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 :0(_setprofile)
        1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 :0(append)
        1    0.000    0.000    0.001    0.001 :0(exec)
        1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 <string>:1(<module>)
        1    0.001    0.001    0.002    0.002 profile:0(l = []; l.append(1))
        0    0.000             0.000          profile:0(profiler)

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