- Latest (GraalVM for JDK 21)
- Dev Build
- GraalVM for JDK 21
- GraalVM for JDK 20
- GraalVM for JDK 17
- GraalVM 22.3
- GraalVM 22.2
- GraalVM 22.1
- GraalVM 22.0
- GraalVM 21.3
- Truffle Language Implementation Framework
- Truffle Branches Instrumentation
- Dynamic Object Model
- Static Object Model
- Truffle Approach to Function Inlining
- Profiling Truffle Interpreters
- Truffle Interop 2.0
- Language Implementations
- Implementing a New Language with Truffle
- Truffle Native Function Interface
- Optimizing Truffle Interpreters
- On-Stack Replacement
- Truffle Strings Guide
- Specialization Histogram
- Testing DSL Specializations
- Polyglot API Based TCK
- Truffle Approach to the Compilation Queue
- Truffle Library Guide
- Truffle AOT Overview
- Truffle AOT Compilation
- Auxiliary Engine Caching
- Truffle Language Safepoint Tutorial
- Splitting Algorithm
- Monomorphization Use Cases
- Reporting Polymorphic Specializations to Runtime
Truffle AOT Tutorial
Many statically compiled languages, like C are designed to be compilable without prior execution. By default, Truffle first interprets code before it is compiled. In order to improve warmup speed of static languages AOT compilation can be supported. The following tutorial describes how to support Truffle AOT in your language, how to trigger and test it.
Language Support #
In order for languages to support AOT compilation the language needs to implement the RootNode.prepareForAOT() method.
The language implementation can indicate support for AOT by returning a non
null value in this method.
The goal for implementing a root node for AOT is to prepare all the AST nodes such that they no longer deoptimize when they are compiled without prior execution.
Typical actions performed in an implementation of this method are:
- Initialize local variable types in the FrameDescriptor of the root node. If a language uses local variables and their types are known, then this information must be provided to the FrameDescriptor. This step can often be done already during parsing.
- Compute the expected execution signature of a root node and return it. This step requires the parser to infer expected types for arguments and return values.
- Prepare specializing nodes with profiles that do not invalidate on first execution. Truffle DSL supports preparation of specializing nodes for AOT. See the example AOT language for details.
Trigger AOT compilation #
AOT compilation can be triggered and tested by using the
This will trigger AOT compilation for every created call target with a root node that supports AOT compilation.
A root node supports AOT compilation if it returns a non null value in RootNode.prepareForAOT().
Note that enabling this flag will also disable background compilation which makes it not suitable for production usage.
Example Usage #
Use the following documented and executable Truffle language as inspiration for AOT support: AOT Tutorial
The example is executable as mx unittest using
mx unittest AOTTutorial.