This documentation is for an old GraalVM version. See the latest version.

Polyglot JavaScript, Java, R Example Application

This page describes an example of a polyglot application you can run with GraalVM.

Preparation #

1. Download or clone the repository and navigate into the polyglot-javascript-java-r directory:

  git clone
  cd graalvm-demos/polyglot-javascript-java-r

2. Download GraalVM, unzip the archive, export the GraalVM home directory as the $JAVA_HOME and add $JAVA_HOME/bin to the PATH environment variable: On Linux:

  export JAVA_HOME=/home/${current_user}/path/to/graalvm
  export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

On macOS:

  export JAVA_HOME=/Users/${current_user}/path/to/graalvm/Contents/Home
  export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

On Windows:

  setx /M JAVA_HOME "C:\Progra~1\Java\<graalvm>"
  setx /M PATH "C:\Progra~1\Java\<graalvm>\bin;%PATH%"

Note that your paths are likely to be different depending on the download location.

3. To run the demo, you need to enable Node.js support in GraalVM:

  gu install nodejs

4. This application contains R code. The R language support is not enabled by default in GraalVM and you should add it too:

  gu install R

5. Build the benchmark. You can manually execute npm install, but there is also a script included for your convenience:


Now you are all set to run the polyglot JavaScript, Java, R application.

Running the Application #

To run the application, you need to execute the server.js file. You can run it with the following command (or run the script):

$JAVA_HOME/bin/node --polyglot --jvm server.js

If you would like to run the benchmark on a different instance of Node, you can run it with whatever node you have. However, presumably, the polyglot capability will not be supported.

Open localhost:3000 and see the output of the polyglot app. Play with the source code and restart the application to see what else you can do with the mix of JavaScript, Java, and R.

Debugging Polyglot Applications #

GraalVM also supports debugging of polyglot applications and provides a built-in implementation of the Chrome DevTools Protocol. Add the --inspect parameter to the command line, open the URL the application prints at the startup in the Chrome browser, and start debugging: set breakpoints, evaluate expressions of this app in JavaScript and R code alike, and so on.

Note about the Application #

For brevity, this sample application contains large snippets of code inside the strings. This is not the best approach for structuring polyglot applications, but it is the easiest way to demonstrate polyglot capabilities in a single file.

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