Logging on Native Image

Native Image supports logging out-of-the box using the java.util.logging.* API.

Default Logging Configuration #

The logging configuration built in the image by default is based on the logging.properties file found in the JDK. This configures a java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler which will only shows messages at the INFO and above levels. Custom logging configuration can be loaded either at image build time or at run time as described below. An important detail is that if additional logging handlers are used the corresponding classes need to be registered for reflection. For example if java.util.logging.FileHandler is used then the following reflection config is necessary:

{
    "name" : "java.util.logging.FileHandler",
    "methods" : [
      { "name" : "<init>", "parameterTypes" : [] },
    ]
  }

See the Reflection Support guide for more details.

Build-Time Logger Initialization #

The logger can be initialized at image build time with a custom logging.properties config, as in the code below:

public class BuildTimeLoggerInit {
  private static final Logger LOGGER;
  static {
    LogManager.getLogManager().readConfiguration(BuildTimeLoggerInit.class.getResourceAsStream("logging.properties"));
    LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(BuildTimeLoggerInit.class.getName());
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // Use the LOGGER here
  }
}

The logging.properties file is processed at image build time and it does not need to be included in the native image, therefore reducing the image size. The LoggerHolder.LOGGER is also initialized at image build time and is readily available at run time, therefore improving the startup. Unless the application needs to process a custom logging.properties configuration at run time this approach is recommended.

Runtime Logger Initialization #

The logger can also be initialized at run time, as in the code below:

public class RuntimeLoggerInit {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        LogManager.getLogManager().readConfiguration(RuntimeLoggerInit.class.getResourceAsStream("logging.properties"));
        Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(RuntimeLoggerInit.class.getName());

        // Use the logger here
    }
}

In this case the logging.properties file needs to be available for run time processing and it must be included in the image via the -H:IncludeResources=logging.properties option. See the information about accessing resources at runtime for more details on this option.