Installation on Windows Platforms

GraalVM Community Edition is available for Windows on the x64 architecture. You can install it on Windows from an archive file (zip).

Follow these steps to install GraalVM:

  1. Navigate to the GraalVM Downloads page. Select 22 for the Java version, Windows for the operating system, and download.

  2. Change to the directory where you want to install GraalVM, then move the .zip archive file to it.

  3. Unzip the archive to your file system.

  4. There can be multiple JDKs installed on the machine. The next step is to configure the runtime environment. Setting environment variables via the command line will work the same way for Windows 8, 10, and 11.
    • Set the JAVA_HOME environment variable to resolve to the GraalVM installation directory:
       setx /M JAVA_HOME "C:\Progra~1\Java\<graalvm>"
    • Set the value of the PATH environment variable to the GraalVM bin directory:
       setx /M PATH "C:\Progra~1\Java\<graalvm>\bin;%PATH%"

      Note that the /M flag, equivalent to -m, requires elevated user privileges.

  5. Restart Command Prompt to reload the environment variables. Then use the following command to check whether the variables were set correctly:
     echo %PATH%
     echo %JAVA_HOME%

Alternatively, you can set up environment variables through a Windows GUI:

  1. Go to Windows Start Menu, then Settings, then Advanced.
  2. Click Environment Variables. In the section “System Variables” find the JAVA_HOME variable and select it.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. Click New.
  5. Click Browse to find the directory to add. Confirm by clicking OK.
  6. Restart the Command Prompt to reload the environment variables.

Repeat the same for the PATH environment variable.

Prerequisites for Native Image on Windows #

On Windows, Native Image requires Visual Studio and Microsoft Visual C++(MSVC). Use Visual Studio 2022 version 17.6.0 or later.

Install Visual Studio Build Tools and Windows SDK #

  1. Download the Visual Studio Build Tools 2022 or later (C development environment) from

  2. Start the installation by opening the file you downloaded, and then click Continue:

    Install Visual Studio Build Tools

  3. Select the Desktop development with C++ checkbox in the main window. On the right side under Installation Details, make sure that the two requirements, Windows 11 SDK and MSVC (…) C++ x64/x86 build tools, are selected. Continue by clicking Install.

    Select Desktop development with C++

You should now be able to build with GraalVM Native Image.

Checking Existing Visual Studio Installations #

If Visual Studio is already installed on your system, follow these steps to check that the correct components are installed.

  1. Open the Visual Studio Installer:

    Open the Visual Studio Installer

  2. Under the Installed tab, click Modify and choose Individual Components:

    Visual Studio Installed Components

  3. Then scroll to the bottom and confirm that the Windows 11 SDK and Visual Studio SDK checkboxes are selected. Now you can start using Native Image.

Start Using Native Image #

Native Image sets up build environments automatically if it can find an appropriate Visual Studio installation in a known location. With the GraalVM JDK on your PATH, you can therefore now run the native-image utility in a Command Prompt (cmd) or a PowerShell (pwsh).

To check the native-image version, run:

C:\> native-image.cmd --version

To build a project using the Native Build Tools Maven plugin, run:

mvnw.cmd native:compile

To build a project using the Native Build Tools Gradle plugin, run:

gradlew.bat nativeCompile

This guide was written for Windows 11, but should be valid for Windows 8 and 10.

Connect with us